GloucesterTimes.com, Gloucester, MA

Breaking News

Community News Network

November 5, 2013

What is the Employment Non-Discrimination Act?

What is ENDA?

The Employment Non-Discrimination Act would ban employers from firing, refusing to hire or discriminating against workers or job applicants based on their sexual orientation or gender identity.

How many gay workers are there nationwide?

About 8.2 million, according to estimates released by the Williams Institute at the University of California at Los Angeles. The nonpartisan think tank on gay rights in public policy based the estimate on a review of census data.

Isn't it illegal to discriminate against gay and transgender workers already?

Not at the federal level. Currently, 21 states and the District of Columbia have laws prohibiting workplace discrimination based on sexual orientation. Seventeen states and the District also bar discrimination based on gender identity. Maryland has a law prohibiting discrimination based on sexual orientation; Virginia has no such laws.

What do Americans think of this issue?

About seven in 10 Americans favor protecting gay workers from job discrimination, according to a May poll by the Public Religion Research Institute.

Public support has climbed through the years. A CNN-Time magazine poll in 1994 found that 62 percent of Americans said they favored passing "equal rights laws" to protect "homosexuals" against job discrimination.

Seven in 10 Americans believe that gays face "a lot of" or "some" discrimination at the office, according to a Pew Research Center poll in May. Those figures are greater than the number who perceived discrimination against African-Americans, Hispanics and women, but on par with perceived discrimination against Muslims.

How long has Congress been debating ENDA?

Supporters have been trying since 1994, when Rep. Gerry Studds, D-Mass., and Sen. Edward Kennedy, D-Mass., first tried to pass the bill. Kennedy got the bill to the full Senate in 2001, but it didn't pass. Rep. Barney Frank, D-Mass., got the measure passed by the Democratic-controlled House in 2007, but it faltered in the Senate.

Text Only | Photo Reprints
Community News Network

NDN Video
Weird 'Wakudoki' Dance Launches Promotional Competition Chris Pratt Adorably Surprises Kids at a 'Guardians of the Galaxy' Screening Chapter Two: Designing for Naomi Watts NOW TRENDING: Peyton Manning dancing at practice "The Bachelorette" Makes Her Decision Thieves pick the wrong gas station to rob Golden Sisters on '50 Shades' trailer: 'Look At That Chest!' Staten Island Man's Emotional Dunk Over NYPD Car - @TheBuzzeronFOX GMA: Dog passes out from excitment to see owner Baseball Hall of Famers Inducted 'Hunger Games: Mockingjay Part 1' Sneak Peek Florida Keys Webcam Captures Turtles Hatching Morgan Freeman Sucks Down Helium on 'Tonight Show' Robin Wright Can Dance! (WATCH) She's Back! See Paris Hilton's New Carl's Jr. Ad Big Weekend For Atlanta Braves In Cooperstown - @TheBuzzeronFox Chapter Two: Becoming a first-time director What's Got Jack Black Freaking Out at Comic-Con? Doctors Remove 232 Teeth From Teen's Mouth Bradley Cooper Explains His Voice in 'Guardians of the Galaxy'