GloucesterTimes.com, Gloucester, MA

September 30, 2013

Today in History

The Associated Press
Gloucester Daily Times

---- — Today is Monday, Sept. 30, the 273rd day of 2013. There are 92 days left in the year.

Today’s highlight in history:

On Sept. 30, 1955, actor James Dean, 24, was killed in a two-car collision near Cholame, Calif.

On this date:

In 1777, the Continental Congress -- forced to flee in the face of advancing British forces -- moved to York, Pa.

In 1791, Mozart’s opera “The Magic Flute” premiered in Vienna, Austria.

In 1809, a treaty was signed by Indiana Territory Gov. William Henry Harrison and representatives of four Indian tribes under which the Indians sold some 3 million acres of land to be used for U.S. settlements.

In 1846, Boston dentist William Morton used ether as an anesthetic for the first time as he extracted an ulcerated tooth from merchant Eben Frost.

In 1938, after co-signing the Munich Agreement allowing Nazi annexation of Czechoslovakia’s Sudetenland, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain said, “I believe it is peace for our time.”

In 1949, the Berlin Airlift came to an end.

In 1954, the first nuclear-powered submarine, the USS Nautilus, was commissioned by the Navy.

In 1962, black student James Meredith was escorted by federal marshals to the campus of the University of Mississippi, where he enrolled for classes the next day.

In 1986, the U.S. released accused Soviet spy Gennadiy Zakharov, one day after the Soviets released American journalist Nicholas Daniloff.

In 1988, Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev retired President Andrei A. Gromyko from the Politburo and fired other old-guard leaders in a Kremlin shake-up.

In 2001, under threat of U.S. military strikes, Afghanistan’s hard-line Taliban rulers said explicitly for the first time that Osama bin Laden was still in the country and that they knew where his hideout was located.

Ten years ago: The FBI began a full-scale criminal investigation into whether White House officials had illegally leaked the identity of undercover CIA officer Valerie Plame. Eighteen accused al-Qaida sympathizers were convicted in Belgium’s biggest terrorism trial.

Five years ago: Congressional leaders and President George W. Bush rummaged through ideas new and old, desperately seeking to change a dozen House members’ votes and pass a multibillion-dollar economic rescue plan. Wall Street regained hope as the Dow industrials rose 485 points. More than 200 people were killed in a stampede of pilgrims at a Hindu temple in Jodhpur, India.

One year ago: Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney, writing in The Wall Street Journal, said President Barack Obama has “misunderstood” American values in his policies toward other countries. Looking to lower expectations in advance of his first debate against Mitt Romney, President Barack Obama described himself as just an “OK” debater. Mike Trout of the Los Angeles Angels became the first rookie in Major League history to hit 30 home runs and steal 40 bases in a season.

Today’s birthdays: Nobel Peace Laureate Elie Wiesel is 85. Actress Angie Dickinson is 82. Singer Cissy Houston is 80. Singer Johnny Mathis is 78. Actor Len Cariou is 74. Singer Marilyn McCoo is 70. Former Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert is 68. Pop singer Sylvia Peterson (The Chiffons) is 67. Actors Vondie Curtis-Hall and Victoria Tennant are 63. Actor John Finn and rock musician John Lombardo are 61. Singer Deborah Allen is 60. Actors Calvin Levels and Barry Williams, ands inger Patrice Rushen are 59. Actress Fran Drescher is 56. Country singer Marty Stuart is 55. Actress Debrah Farentino is 54. Musician Bill Rieflin (R.E.M.) and former Sen. Blanche Lincoln, D-Ark., are 53. Actors Crystal Bernard and Eric Stoltz are 52. Rapper-producer Marley Marl is 51. Singer Eddie Montgomery (Montgomery-Gentry) is 50. Rock singer Trey Anastasio, actress Monica Bellucci and musician Robby Takac (Goo Goo Dolls) are 49. Actress Lisa Thornhill is 47. Actress Andrea Roth is 46. Actor Silas Weir Mitchell is 44. Actor Tony Hale is 43. Actress Jenna Elfman is 42. Actor Ashley Hamilton is 39. Actress Marion Cotillard is 38. Actor Stark Sands is 35. Actor Mike Damus is 34. Tennis player Martina Hingis is 33. Olympic gold medal gymnast Dominique Moceanu is 32. Actress Lacey Chabert is 31. Actor Kieran Culkin is 31. Singer-rapper T-Pain is 29.

Thought for today: “Nothing you can’t spell will ever work.” -- Will Rogers, American humorist (1879-1935).