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March 7, 2013

Today in History

Today is Thursday, March 7, the 66th day of 2013. There are 299 days left in the year.

Today’s highlight in history:

On March 7, 1965@text5:, a march by civil rights demonstrators was violently broken up at the Edmund Pettus Bridge in Selma, Ala., by state troopers and a sheriff’s posse in what came to be known as “Bloody Sunday.”

On this date:

In 1793,@text5: during the French Revolutionary Wars, France declared war on Spain.

In 1850@text5:, in a three-hour speech to the U.S. Senate, Daniel Webster of Massachusetts endorsed the Compromise of 1850 as a means of preserving the Union.

In 1876@text5:, Alexander Graham Bell received a patent for his telephone.

In 1912@text5:, Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen arrived in Hobart, Australia, where he dispatched telegrams announcing his success in leading the first expedition to the South Pole the previous December.

In 1926@text5:, the first successful trans-Atlantic radio-telephone conversations took place between New York and London.

In 1936@text5:, Adolf Hitler ordered his troops to march into the Rhineland, thereby breaking the Treaty of Versailles and the Locarno Pact.

In 1945@text5:, during World War II, U.S. forces crossed the Rhine River at Remagen, Germany, using the damaged but still usable Ludendorff Bridge.

In 1960@text5:, Jack Paar returned as host of NBC’s “Tonight Show” nearly a month after walking off in a censorship dispute with the network.

In 1963@text5:, the Pan Am Building (today the MetLife Building) first opened in midtown Manhattan.

In 1975@text5:, the U.S. Senate revised its filibuster rule, allowing 60 senators to limit debate in most cases, instead of the previously required two-thirds of senators present.

In 1983@text5:, the original version of The Nashville Network (now Spike) made its debut.

In 1994@text5:, the Supreme Court, in Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music Inc., unanimously ruled that a parody that pokes fun at an original work can be considered “fair use” that doesn’t require permission from the copyright holder. (The ruling concerned a parody of the song “Pretty Woman” by the rap group 2 Live Crew.)

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