, Gloucester, MA

September 28, 2013

Today in History

The Associated Press
Gloucester Daily Times

---- — Today is Saturday, Sept. 28, the 271th day of 2013. There are 94 days left in the year.

Today’s highlight in history:

On Sept. 28, 1787, the Congress of the Confederation voted to send the just-completed Constitution of the United States to state legislatures for their approval.

On this date:

In 1066, William the Conqueror invaded England to claim the English throne.

In 1542, Portuguese navigator Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo arrived at present-day San Diego.

In 1781, American forces in the Revolutionary War, backed by a French fleet, began their successful siege of Yorktown, Va.

In 1850, flogging was abolished as a form of punishment in the U.S. Navy.

In 1920, eight members of the Chicago White Sox were indicted for allegedly throwing the 1919 World Series against the Cincinnati Reds in what became known as the “Black Sox” scandal. Despite initial confessions by several of the players, all were acquitted at trial; still, all eight were banned from baseball for life.

In 1924, two U.S. Army planes landed in Seattle, having completed the first round-the-world flight in 175 days.

In 1939, during World War II, Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union signed a treaty calling for the partitioning of Poland, which the two countries had invaded.

In 1960, Ted Williams hit a home run in his last career at-bat as his team, the Boston Red Sox, defeated the Baltimore Orioles 5-4 at Fenway Park.

In 1989, deposed Philippine President Ferdinand E. Marcos died in exile in Hawaii at age 72.

In 1991, jazz great Miles Davis died in Santa Monica, Calif., at age 65.

In 2001, President George W. Bush told reporters the United States was in “hot pursuit” of terrorists behind the Sept. 11 attacks. The U.N. Security Council approved a sweeping resolution sponsored by the United States requiring all 189 U.N. member nations to deny money, support and sanctuary to terrorists.

In 2002, Iraq defiantly rejected a U.S.-British plan for the United Nations to force President Saddam Hussein to disarm and open his palaces for weapons searches.

Ten years ago: A massive blackout struck most of Italy, leaving millions of people without power. A bomb exploded outside a nightclub in southwestern Colombia, killing at least 13 people.

Five years ago: Chinese astronauts aboard the Shenzhou 7 returned to Earth after completing their country’s first spacewalk mission.

Austrian 16-year-olds voted for the first time in parliamentary elections under a law adopted in 2007.

One year ago: Citing national security risks, President Barack Obama blocked a Chinese company from owning four wind farm projects in northern Oregon near a Navy base where the U.S. military flies unmanned drones and electronic-warfare planes on training missions. The Obama administration sought to rally Syria’s opposition with pledges of $45 million in new nonlethal and humanitarian assistance.

Today’s birthdays: Actress Brigitte Bardot is 79. Singer Ben E. King is 75. Actor Joel Higgins is 70. Actor Jeffrey Jones and singer Helen Shapiro are 67. Movie writer-director-actor John Sayles is 63. Rock musician George Lynch is 59. Zydeco singer-musician C.J. Chenier is 56. Actor Steve Hytner is 54. Actress-comedian Janeane Garofalo is 49. Country singer Matt King is 47. Actress Mira Sorvino and TV personality Moon Zappa are 46. Actresses Carre Otis and Naomi Watts are 45. Singer Karen Fairchild (Little Big Town) is 44. Country musician Chuck Crawford is 40. Country singer Mandy Barnett is 38. Rapper Young Jeezy and World Golf Hall of Famer Se Ri Pak are 36. Actor Peter Cambor is 35. Writer-producer-director-actor Bam Margera is 34. Actresses Melissa Claire Egan and Jerrika Hinton are 32. Actress Hilary Duff is 26. Actors Skye McCole Bartusiak and Keir Gilchrist are 21.

Thought for today: “A great truth is a truth whose opposite is also a truth.” — Thomas Mann, German writer (1875-1955).