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January 13, 2013

Today in History

Today is Monday, Jan. 14, the 14th day of 2013. There are 351 days left in the year.

Today’s highlight in history:

On Jan. 14, 1963, George C. Wallace was sworn in as governor of Alabama; his inaugural address included the ringing declaration, “Segregation today, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever!” — a view Wallace came to repudiate in later years.

On this date:

In 1784, the United States ratified a peace treaty with England, ending the Revolutionary War.

In 1858, Napoleon III, Emperor of the French, and his wife, Empress Eugenie, escaped an assassination attempt led by Italian revolutionary Felice Orsini, who was later captured and executed.

In 1900, Puccini’s opera “Tosca” had its world premiere in Rome.

In 1943, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and French General Charles de Gaulle opened a wartime conference in Casablanca.

In 1952, NBC’s “Today” show premiered, with Dave Garroway as the host, or “communicator.”

In 1953, Josip Broz Tito was elected president of Yugoslavia by the country’s Parliament.

In 1963, Sylvia Plath’s semi-autobiographical novel “The Bell Jar” was published in London under the pen name “Victoria Lucas,” less than a month before Plath committed suicide.

In 1968, the Green Bay Packers of the NFL defeated the AFL’s Oakland Raiders, 33-14, in Super Bowl II.

In 1969, 27 people aboard the aircraft carrier USS Enterprise, off Hawaii, were killed when a rocket warhead exploded, setting off a fire and additional explosions.

In 1973, the Miami Dolphins of the AFC defeated the Washington Redskins of the NFC 14-7 to win Super Bowl VII. (This game featured the notorious “Garo’s Gaffe” by Dolphins kicker Garo Yepremian that resulted in a Redskins touchdown.)

In 1989, President Ronald Reagan delivered his 331st and final weekly White House radio address, telling listeners, “Believe me, Saturdays will never seem the same. I’ll miss you.”

In 1993, TV talk show host David Letterman announced he was moving from NBC to CBS.

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