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March 2, 2013

Today in History

Today is Saturday, March 2, the 61st day of 2013. There are 304 days left in the year.

Today’s highlight in history:

On March 2, 1943@text5:, the three-day Battle of the Bismarck Sea began in the southwest Pacific during World War II; U.S. and Australian warplanes were able to inflict heavy damage on an Imperial Japanese convoy.

On this date:

In 1793@text5:, the first president of the Republic of Texas, Sam Houston, was born near Lexington, Va.

In 1836@text5:, the Republic of Texas formally declared its independence from Mexico.

In 1861@text5:, the state of Texas, having seceded from the Union, was admitted to the Confederacy.

In 1877@text5:, Republican Rutherford B. Hayes was declared the winner of the 1876 presidential election over Democrat Samuel J. Tilden, even though Tilden had won the popular vote.

In 1917@text5:, Puerto Ricans were granted U.S. citizenship as President Woodrow Wilson signed the Jones-Shafroth Act.

In 1933@text5:, the motion picture “King Kong” had its world premiere at New York’s Radio City Music Hall and the Roxy.

In 1939@text5:, Roman Catholic Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli was elected pope on his 63rd birthday; he took the name Pius XII.

In 1942@text5:, the original Stage Door Canteen, a wartime club for U.S. servicemen, officially opened its doors in New York’s Broadway theater district.

In 1951@text5:, the East beat the West, 111-94, in the first NBA All-Star Game, which took place at Boston Garden.

In 1962, Wilt Chamberlain scored 100 points for the Philadelphia Warriors in a game against the New York Knicks, an NBA record that still stands. (Philadelphia won, 169-147.)

In 1972@text5:, the United States launched the Pioneer 10 space probe, which flew past Jupiter in late 1973, sending back images and scientific data.

In 1989@text5:, representatives from the 12 European Community nations agreed to ban all production of CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons) by the end of the 20th century.

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