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July 21, 2013

Today in History

Today is Sunday, July 21, the 202nd day of 2013. There are 163 days left in the year.

Today’s highlight in history:

On July 21, 1973, Israeli agents in Lillehammer, Norway, killed Ahmed Bouchikhi, a Moroccan waiter, in a case of mistaken identity, apparently thinking he was an official with Black September, the group that attacked Israel’s delegation at the 1972 Munich Olympics and killed 11 athletes. Five people identified as members of the Mossad spy agency served brief prison terms in Norway for murder and were then pardoned.

On this date:

In 1773, Pope Clement XIV issued an order suppressing the Society of Jesus, or Jesuits. The Society was restored by Pope Pius VII in 1814.

In 1861, during the Civil War, the first Battle of Bull Run was fought at Manassas, Va., resulting in a Confederate victory.

In 1925, the so-called Monkey Trial ended in Dayton, Tenn., with John T. Scopes found guilty of violating state law for teaching Darwin’s Theory of Evolution. The conviction was later overturned on a technicality.

In 1930, President Herbert Hoover signed an executive order establishing the Veterans Administration, which later became the Department of Veterans Affairs.

In 1944, American forces landed on Guam during World War II.

In 1949, the Senate ratified the North Atlantic Treaty.

In 1952, the Democratic National Convention, which nominated Adlai Stevenson for president, opened in Chicago.

In 1959, the NS Savannah, the first nuclear-powered merchant ship, was christened by first lady Mamie Eisenhower at Camden, N.J.

In 1961, Capt. Virgil “Gus” Grissom became the second American to rocket into a sub-orbital pattern around the Earth, flying aboard the Liberty Bell 7.

In 1972, the Irish Republican Army carried out 22 bombings in Belfast, Northern Ireland, killing nine people and injuring 130 in what became known as “Bloody Friday.”

In 1980, draft registration began in the United States for 19- and 20-year-old men.

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