BOSTON — Gov. Charlie Baker is ordering all "non-essential businesses" to close for two weeks and advising people to stay home as the state ramps up its efforts to prevent the spread the new coronavirus.

Baker's order, which goes into effect at noon on Tuesday, requires all non-essential businesses to close their physical locations and facilities to customers and the public. Grocery stores, gas stations, pharmacies and first responders, health care workers and others on the front lines of the state's coronavirus response will remain open under the directive.

The governor is also issuing a "stay at home" advisory urging people not to leave their homes but said he won't mandate that people stay inside if they need food, medicine or other essential items.

"I do not believe I can or should order U.S. citizens be confined to their homes for days on end," Baker told reporters at a Monday briefing. "It doesn't make sense from a public health point of view."

Both the order and advisory will remain in effect until April 7 at noon.

Essential businesses

The new rules also update the state's social distancing protocols by banning public events with 10 or more people. The limit was 25 people under a previous order.

Baker said people can still do their shopping, get prescriptions and other essential needs, as well as to go to parks and public places, but avoid activities that bring them in close contact.

"We want people to know they won't loose access to food and medicine," he said. "We will not stop anyone from accessing these essential businesses."

The MBTA will continue to operate on a limited schedule, but will be available for those who need it.

"Our buses, trains and subways will continue to run," Baker said.

Restaurants, bars, and other businesses that sell food and beverages can offer food for take-out and by delivery if they follow the state's social distancing protocols.

On-premises consumption of food or drink is prohibited.

Package stores will remain open, but recreational marijuana shops will close. Medical marijuana dispensaries will be allowed to remain open. Among other industries deemed essential are communications and information technology, financial services and news media.

Baker said the order will be enforced by local law enforcement. Businesses that violate the new restrictions will face fines and other penalties, Baker said.

Violations of the order can result in a warning for a first offense, a fine of up to $300 for a second offense, and criminal penalties, including fines of up to $500 or imprisonment.

Mitigation measures

As of Sunday, the state had 646 confirmed cases of the coronavirus, which causes a disease called COVID-19. More than 2,000 have been quarantined. Five people in Massachusetts have died as a result of the illness.

One Cape Ann, five people have tested positive for virus, and one in Essex.

For most, the virus causes only mild or moderate symptoms, such as fever and cough, but it can be deadly for older people and those with underlying health conditions.

Baker declared a state of emergency on March 10 and imposed a number of aggressive restrictions aimed at preventing spread of the virus.

He also ordered the shut-down of all public schools for three weeks, closed bars and restaurants to dine-in visitors, and banned gatherings of more than 25 people.

But Baker has resisted a complete shut-down of the state despite pressure from some lawmakers and health care advocates.

Several states -- including California, New York and Connecticut -- have issued "shelter-in-place" orders in recent days to contain the spread of the virus.

Baker said he’s been relying on guidance from state and federal health officials and other governors, and decided this was the right time to ramp up the state's response.

"We all have a role to play in this fight," he said. "Every step we take to cut down on the chances this has to spread is a way to help our communities get through it."

Christian M. Wade covers the Massachusetts Statehouse for North of Boston Media Group’s newspapers and websites. Email him at cwade@cnhi.com

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