BOSTON — For every additional dollar a Massachusetts family earned between 2016 and 2018, 39 cents of it went to health care, including copays, deductibles and both employer and employee spending on premiums.

Data presented to members of the state Health Policy Commission on Tuesday broke down the increase in monthly compensation over that period for the median Massachusetts family that receives health insurance through an employer. The breakdown showed $277 soaked up by health care costs, $165 going toward state and federal taxes, and a $270 final increase in take-home pay.

"The health care system is absorbing a lot of income gains in the state, and we should understand and think about if that's something that is commensurate with the value," HPC research director David Auerbach said at a meeting of the commission's Market Oversight and Transparency Committee.

Health Policy Commission staff presented early findings from the agency's 2019 Cost Trends Report, which is compiled based on information gathered at an annual hearing that was held in October.

The findings also showed that Massachusetts had the third highest average family premium in the country, and that premiums — including both employer and employee contributions — exceeded $30,000 for one in 10 Massachusetts residents.

Employee premium contributions for low-wage employees are growing faster and are "significantly greater" than contributions for higher-wage workers, according to the commission.

For workers at businesses in the lowest wage quartile, required contributions for family coverage premiums shot up from $2,753 in 2001 to $8,196 in 2018, the commission's data show. Meanwhile, the contributions for those in the highest-wage quartile grew from $1,539 in 2001 to $5,458 in 2018.

"Over 8,000 a year is required for your employee contribution for that family premium if you are at a low-wage firm, compared to higher wage firms," Auerbach said. "We don't know exactly why that is, but it's kind of a counterintuitive finding."

In 2018, health care spending in Massachusetts grew 3.1 percent to $60.9 billion, the Center for Health Information and Analysis reported last year.

Consumer costs and access to care have been among the focal points as policymakers on Beacon Hill discuss health care legislation this session.

Gov. Charlie Baker filed a health care bill in October, which has not yet had a committee hearing. The Senate in November passed a bill targeting pharmaceutical prices and has indicated plans to take up legislation addressing mental health this year. Meanwhile, the Health Care Financing Committee is newly without a House chair after former Rep. Jennifer Benson resigned her seat for a job at the Alliance for Business Leadership.

If House Speaker Robert DeLeo has picked a new chairperson for that committee, or for a vacancy atop the Labor and Workforce Development Committee, a caucus at noon Wednesday could give House Democrats an opportunity to sign off on those picks.

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