The human crisis in the groundfishing industry is a real crisis. It is not contrived, it is not looming, it is not a threat, it is here.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) and the New England Fisheries Management Council (NEFMC) have all realized, and admitted, that the scientific conclusions that guided their fisheries management system over the past decade are wrong. The government’s cuts to the New England 2013 groundfish allocations to the fishing fleet are 77 percent of the previous year’s anemic allocations. The reason for these cuts is that the science that was used to determine allocations indicates that many of the ground fisheries are in peril due to “overfishing.”
Interestingly though, the New England groundfishing fleet, while operating in good faith under NOAA’s management plans, has each year caught only about 40 percent of its stock allocations, hardly “overfishing.” No, “overfishing” is not the reason the fisheries are in danger. The reason is that, over a period of years, the government’s scientific stock assessments were not gathered, compiled or interpreted correctly by NOAA. These miscalculations and faulty assumptions have caused the government’s management plans to fail.
NOAA’s indifference to the human aspect of fishing communities is no longer tolerable. We in the fishing communities know; that fishing families are being decimated, that working waterfront infrastructures are being lost, and that the culture and heritage of the fishing communities of New England will shortly become a memory.
We all agree that accurate science is crucial to establishing a sustainable fisheries management plan. The retooling of the science and establishing effective fisheries management plans will take the government, at the very least, several years. While the government reconstitutes its scientific procedures, it cannot turn a blind eye to the devastating effect of its 77 percent cut in ground fish allocations. No fisherman or family can survive a 77 percent reduction in stock allocation.
These reductions will accelerate, and, quite frankly, are designed to continue the fleet’s consolidation and, in a short time, its ultimate collapse. The families and the port communities will suffer severe socio-economic harm; families’ savings, families’ homes, their health insurance and pension plans will be lost. Ancillary fishing businesses will face financial ruin, and what’s left of the port communities’ working waterfronts will be lost forever.
In order to stop this economic and social disaster, the government must work with the industry and the communities to literally and figuratively mothball the ground fishing fleet. Let’s put the emphasis on the needs of the people. Tie up the fleet for the period of time it takes for Congress to rewrite Magnuson-Stevens Act, for NOAA to reboot the science, and to draft and promulgate workable regulations.
The government should buy whatever permits are offered by fishermen who desire to leave the industry. It should also provide job training and placement to those persons in the industry who desire to change careers.
Let’s use the revenues from the Saltonstall/Kennedy Act to save the fleet, the fishing families and the port communities, not to supplement the budget of a bloated non-functioning agency. Let’s creatively use the Magnuson-Stevens Act emergency authority and disaster provisions to support the people negatively affected by the failed regulations.
Let’s reject the proposal to provide dollars that should be used to improve fishery science, for “at-sea monitoring.” Addressing “at sea monitoring” under the current circumstances illustrates how out of touch NOAA is to the economic catastrophe that has hit the industry. The industry doesn’t need monitors. It needs a plan to save the fishing families.
Fishermen are the original conservationists. They don’t require someone looking over their shoulder. They have followed the laws which have led them on a path to extinction. It is time for the government to act to save the people in the fishing industry.
Let’s spend the dollars that will one day benevolently be allocated for “a study to determine why there are no longer New England fishing communities,” on taking immediate steps to preserve the industry for the future. Until it is able to successfully manage the New England fisheries, the government must be accountable and take responsibility for its fishery management failures.
It must turn its focus on the people, and bring financial support to the families and port communities that have made the fishing industry a vibrant part of New England’s economy, heritage and culture.
Scott W. Lang is a practicing attorney and former mayor of the city of New Bedford.